Below link goes to Assoc. Prof. İbrahim Karataş’s academic article about Jewish settlements in Palestine between 1881 and 1917. The article is actually a translation of some letters of Ottoman government that are gathered in a book published by Ottoman Archives Directorate of Türkiye.
This study analyzes 37 Ottoman documents regarding the Jewish settlements in Palestine, written between 1850 and 1920. Documents show that while Jewish groups were firm about making Palestine a Jewish homeland, the Ottoman government spent great effort to impede this goal. However, since Jews used illegal ways to settle in Palestine and corrupt Ottoman public servants helped them to obtain lands, residence, and citizenship, Ottomans failed to stop the unlawful Jewish settlements. Thus, the real number of migrants and lands purchased were always two-three times higher than the legal numbers. As a result, when Ottomans were no longer ruling Palestine at the end of the First World War, the region was already under the control of Jews. The study aims to reveal the Ottoman posture against Jewish immigration and settlements by analyzing state documents, and include it in the literature.
Read full article here.